Global Warming Facts and Effects – Global Warming Climate Change


May 30, 2015

The Last Gallon of Gas on Earth by Eric Melin – ArticleCity.com

Category: Uncategorized – 12:04 am

by: Eric Melin


“That’s $855,000 going once. Going twice. Sold! For $855,000 to the bearded man in the front row, the last known gallon of gasoline on the Earth.”

“And the most expensive gallon of gasoline ever,” thought the bearded man. Pablo Ganley felt exhausted after the seven ferocious minutes of bidding. He was an accountant, not a collector. But he won it. It cost him his life savings, but he was now the owner of the final few drops of the magic liquid that once moved humanity in so many ways.

On the ride home Ganley sat alone in a private room on the train with the small gas can on the seat beside him. Secure in its bright red, refurbished metal container, this last gasoline was 91-octane Chevron Supreme with Techron, refined from genuine Saudi crude, vintage 2024. The lab tests confirmed it. There was even a certificate of authenticity.

Ganley had kept the domed can covered with a black cotton cloth so that people would mistake it for a small bird cage. Otherwise who knows how much harassment he might get. It angered him to even think about it. People do not understand, he thought. This train of thought reminded him again of the mistake he’d made a few weeks earlier, right after seeing the advertisement about the auction.

In his excitement, he had let it slip to his colleague Kim that he was interested in attending and bidding on the gasoline. Then he added, unwisely, that he was working on rebuilding a 1968 pick-up truck. In reply he got an uncomfortable silence and a puzzled, almost offended, look from Kim. A moment later she smiled.

“Good one Pablo,” Kim said. “You totally caught me off guard. You’re so totally not a jokester most of the time. So the next thing you’re going to tell me is that you’re reviving slavery and cigarette smoking, right?”

He could only fake a smile and change the subject. But he’d seethed about it ever since. To think that Kim and others really looked back on the Age of Oil the same way they looked back on American slavery and smoking! There was no comparison. Slavery was obviously evil, he thought. Cigarettes cause cancer. No one had ever honored the cultures that spawned such things.

Oil, on the other hand, was not evil, no matter the lies they teach in school these days about climate change, terrorism and all the supposedly toxic side-effects of petrochemicals. No way. Oil pulled America out of the mud and made it the most muscular, powerful nation on Earth. Those were the days!

According to Ganley’s read on history, it was because the U.S.A. adopted all that anti-fossil fuel propaganda that the nation had declined. Now it was just another washed up superpower has-been, just like not-so-merry-old England. Today the only superpower was Bolivia – the lithium capital of the world. Lithium for batteries. Bolivia! In South America! How his father would have laughed at the very suggestion of it!

Ganley suddenly felt the need to commune with his gasoline. He lifted the gas can onto his lap, unscrewed the brass cap and gently sniffed. Then quickly twisted it shut again. Ah! The odor cleared his head and made him salivate. Pungent and meaty, it triggered a deluge of memories.

First was the memory of being lifted by his father into the seat of an ancient blue GMC pickup truck. The truck smelled of gasoline, aged upholstery, axle grease, tobacco smoke and motor oil. The family’s name for the truck was “Stinky” because of its perennial stew of mostly toxic stenches. But Pablo loved all the scents. It was the smell of Papa. It filled him with longing for the low, idling rumble of his father’s voice and the sight of his dark and weathered living face. His father died when Pablo was only eight. He was an old man.

In Pablo’s memory the truck and his father were almost the same person. And the truck, Pablo knew, was truly was a major part of his father’s identity. Without it he would just be another indistinguishable old man heading to work on the train. The truck made the man. It was once that way for every American.

“Everyone had cars and the cars were part of their personalities,” he mused. “You could just gas up and go wherever you wanted to in a car that suited you to ‘T.’ Those were the days.”

Ganley remained lost in memories for the remaining two hours of his trip home. From the station he walked the last kilometer to his little house. He set the gas can on the kitchen counter, reheated some day-old leek soup (whatever happened to a steak and potatoes?, he wondered) then sat down to eat and finally face the big question: What was he going to with history’s last gallon of gasoline?

He couldn’t burn it: Not in an engine or even on a funeral pyre. That had been against the law for decades. And as much as he was against many things happening in society these days, he had a deep-seated revulsion for law-breaking.

He did not want to keep it as a collectible investment, like the other bidders at the auction. Those people would have treated the last gallon of gas as they did those very old bottles of wine that were bought and sold and never opened. Nevertheless, Ganley was determined to do something with the last gallon of gas. It had to be glorious. It had to do honor to the wonderful world that was lost and to his father. But what?

He finished his soup, placed the bowl and spoon in the sink and moved the gas can onto the kitchen table. He reversed a chair so he could watch the can while leaning his chin and hands on the chair back. Then he sat down and started thinking…

Eric Melin is working over B2B Jazd portals and directories over last 10 Years and have a very much keen interest in Online Business marketing.

For more information Visit: http://www.jazdhotels.com , http://www.jazdcommunications.com

Visit the author’s web site at:
http://www.jazdlifesciences.com

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May 16, 2015

The Decision to Shop Ethically While Ensuring Others Don’t Starve …

Category: Climate change economics – admin 4:25 am

by: Alison Withers

Choosing to buy local, healthy food when you know it may cause someone somewhere else in the world hardship or even malnutrition or starvation is an uncomfortable decision.

We also want to do our best for our families by buying the healthiest food we can find while at the same time keeping down the cost of things like our weekly shopping bills.

How on earth can we know we’re making the right choices and being as “green” as possible, given the plethora of conflicting information we get, the inter-governmental and scientific squabbles and the sheer amount of time and energy we would have to devote to research?

How, therefore, can we eat healthily, be sure there are no chemical residues in our food and be sure also that the carbon footprint of our locally-produced food is not actually greater than food imported from somewhere else in the world?

Of course there are labels on food, but they need to be clear, understandable and consistent and checking every label on the weekly shop with a couple of tetchy toddlers in tow, perhaps, at the end of a working day, really – life’s too short!

A look at the 2009 laws on food labelling in the UK is enough to give the ordinary shopper a headache. This extract is just a sample. It says that “fibre”, in the context of nutrition labelling, means carbohydrate polymers with three or more monomeric units, which are neither digested nor absorbed in the human small intestine and then lists a string of definitions.

And then there’s packaging! Producers are bound by the Packaging (Essential REquiremnets) Regulations, which list the maximum levels of various chemicals that are allowed in the packaging, as well as levels of packaging that can be used, and requires them to be made of recyclable materials.

Also large-scale producers have to comply with the Producer Responsibility Obligations (packaging waste)Regulations.

The Food Standards Agency also has rules covering the mislabelling of foods.

So there are three sets of rules simply on packaging in labelling, before we even consider nutrition content and although it’s good that they exist what’s really needed is consistent, clear information in a language consumers can understand.

Then there are the scientific disagreements. It has been suggested, for example, that the carbon footprint of some food produced in Africa may actually be lower than it is for locally-produced organic foods.

When it comes to licensing the new low-chem agricultusal products being created by biopesticides developers there’s no more agreement.

It’s generally agreed, however, that they are much more enfironmentally friendly than many of the previous generation of chemical-based fertilisers, yield enhancers and pesticides and could potentially help keep food costs down compared to organically grown products.

These new generation biofertilisers, biofungicides and yield enhancers have the potential to help small farmers in developing countries both protect their land and improve its yield with obvious benefits to their incomes and to us all in being able to buy affordable, healthy food.

A World Health Organisation publication in 2008 on health and nutrition says a sound communication and information strategy coordinating and creating synergy among the various media is essential for supporting the adoption of healthy lifestyles and the maintenance of food safety and sustainable food supplies.

It adds that currently, messages provided through nutrition education campaigns are often contradicted by commercial communication practices ….. and that consumers find that current nutrition label formats are generally confusing and do not help them to make healthy choices.

The World Health Organisation’s assessment applies equally to this discussion.

If we are to be able to change our shopping habits to do our bit towards a more sustainable environment, reducing food scarcity and reversing the impacts of climate change we need information about what we’re buying in a form that’s consistent wherever we live, that we can rely on and in words we can understand.

Copyright (c) 2010 Alison Withers
Information on food, such as whether it has been grown using the new low-chem agricultural products being created by Biopesticides developers, is neither consistent, nor reliable. Consumer journalist Ali Withers argues for more info to help shoppers make “green” choices. http://www.agraquest.com

The author invites you to visit:
http://www.agraquest.com

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June 2, 2014

Smart Grid Stimulus Paves the Way for Savings and Clean Air by …

Category: Climate change economics – admin 12:51 am

by: Ashly Sun

Everyone is into intelligent technology and smart devices nowadays. That is why it only seems natural that industries and homeowners turn to smart devices for saving energy and going green.

The power grid is the world’s biggest machine. It is composed of a network of power plants, transmission towers, poles and wires. A recent report called The Smart Grid: An Estimation of the Energy and CO2 Benefits, from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory stresses how an efficient smart grid can be used as a powerful tool against climate change. Research scientist Rob Pratt said that they wanted to show the added contribution of the smart grid meter to the nation’s goal of mitigating climate change through the reduction of carbon footprint from electric power systems.

Smart grid meters may be used to cut down waste. The United States Energy Information Administration said that more than half of the energy generated is wasted in generation and transmission. Energy is wasted usually through unused but running lights and electronic appliances. According to the Department of Energy, the waste in energy results in $4 billion in expenses in the United States every year.

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory reported that there are nine ways smart grids can reduce carbon emissions, including smart-grid enabled diagnostics in residential and commercial buildings, use of demand- response systems, voltage regulation and control systems, and positive responses from informed consumers; which are expected to result in a 12 percent emission reduction by 2030 if fully implemented.

Another reason why smart grid programs can help battle climate change is because smart grid standards lessen operational costs for renewable program deployment. Savings from the program can be invested to more emission reduction projects for the future.

According to Mr. Pratt, getting savings for use in future clean energy projects is important because many states have an electricity sector renewable portfolio goal of 20 to 30 percent for 2030.

Full implementation of smart grid technologies in the United States could inhibit at least 442 million metric tons of carbon emission, equivalent 66 coal power plants. Just last November, the U.S. Department of Energy supported the city of Sacramento with a $127.5 million smart grid stimulus funding, to aid in pushing forward California’s green building initiative. The smart grid stimulus federal grant program aims to design, run, and manage an urban smart grid utility system for clients of various types and volume.

Many countries are starting to see the benefits of smart grid programs and starting to invest in various brands and types of smart grid meters, including the GE smart grid. China is not one to get left behind in the smart grid bandwagon, as it overtakes the United States in the smart grid investment. This year, China plans a $7.32 billion smart grid investment, which is more than U.S.’ $7.09 billion, as reported by ZPryme. China is increasing their investment in smart grids heavily because of the looming energy requirement in the country which is predicted to double over the following decade.
Ashly Sun is a seasoned writer, having travelled around the world, largely putting all her experiences and the sights and sounds she has come across to paper. She now writes extensively about topics related to green news, mostly on renewable energy, but also on a variety of related topics as well. When not travelling around the world, she is based in Central Hong Kong, taking in the myriad colours, flavours, and scents of the melting pot that Hong Kong is known for.

The author invites you to visit:
http://www.ecoseed.org

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May 12, 2014

Gwynne Dyer on Climate Change Part 2 – ArticleCity.com Video

Category: Uncategorized – 12:37 am

by: WatchMojo

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April 28, 2014

Climate Change Is Uniting the World – ArticleCity.com Video

Category: Uncategorized – 12:14 am

by: BigThink

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April 21, 2014

The Effect of Climate Change on Mountains – ArticleCity.com Video

Category: Uncategorized – 12:31 am

by: Worldwide Media

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April 14, 2014

How Climate Change Affects the Arctic Part 1/2 – ArticleCity.com Video

Category: Uncategorized – 12:32 am

by: WatchMojo

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April 7, 2014

Companies Green Their Way Towards Added Revenues And …

Category: Uncategorized – 12:12 am

by: Ashly Sun

Big corporations and some of the world’s most popular brands have taken green initiatives for their corporate social responsibility. This is to not only lessen their carbon footprints and to mitigate climate change, but also to gather further support from the public for their products. These industries have worked hard to help in the fight against global warming and climate change, and they are now looking for the recognition they deserve.

Here is a list of companies that have earned a place in the annual Global 100 list for being among the most sustainable companies in the world.

L’Oreal had reduced their energy consumption by at least 3.6 percent and water use by 6.9 percent last year, leading to a decrease in greenhouse gas production of 6.6 percent. The cosmetics company incorporated recycling in their system, avoiding the sending of waste to landfills and recycling 95 percent of their generated waste or reusing it to generate energy.

Cleaning products company Unilever, on the other hand, vows to cut down carbon dioxide emissions from its manufacturing operations by 25 percent by 2012. The company is nearing its 2012 commitment as it reduces carbon dioxide emissions from energy per metric ton of production by 39 percent, compared to their emissions in 1995.

Other companies, meanwhile have gone under the consumer discretionary category, including Amazon.com Inc. and Eastman Kodak Company. Both firms have been lauded for greening their manufacturing and packaging processes.

Online shopping firm Amazon had launched the “frustration-free packaging” program last year, which delivers products from brands like Fisher-Price, Mattel and Microsoft that do not contain plastic clamshell cases or plastic-coated wire ties. Aside from this, Amazon packs corrugated containers that are made of 43 percent recovered fiber. Larger items for kitchen appliances and the like are packed in materials that are 100 percent recyclable and made of 50 percent recycled content.

Kodak’s photo facilities have also helped companies green through use of non-hazardous recyclable plastics. Additionally, Kodak uses thermal photo papers that have been sourced sustainably from forests. The photo company has stopped use of molded pulp insert and bubble wrap. Their dry laboratories are also using 70 to 90 percent less energy than conventional silver halide photo minilabs.

The materials production industry has also gone sustainable.

Aluminum producer Alcoa Inc. had introduced a program for planting 10 million trees by 2020. Chemical company BASF S.E. has also joined the bandwagon, as it is the first company in its industry to launch the carbon balance in 2008. The carbon balance diverges the carbon dioxide emission savings of the firm’s products and procedures with their emissions from raw material generation and product disposal.

Results have shown that their products can save three times more greenhouse gas emissions than the entire amount caused by the production and disposal of all BASF products.

Healthcare companies Glaxosmithkline P.L.C. and Novo Nordisk A/S have also reduced their carbon emission targets.

Glaxosmith is currently doubling their efficiency at transforming raw materials to finished products by end of 2010, based on a 2005 baseline. The firm also aims to lessen energy and climate change impact per unit of sales by 45 percent on 2006 levels by 2015.

Novo Nordisk hopes to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from their global production by 10 percent on 2004 levels by 2014 through use of renewable energy and implementing energy efficiency measures. The company has also introduced a TakeAction initiative, a program for tree-planting and car pools for employees.
Ashly Sun is a seasoned writer, having travelled around the world, largely putting all her experiences and the sights and sounds she has come across to paper. She now writes extensively about topics related to green news, mostly on renewable energy, but also on a variety of related topics as well. When not travelling around the world, she is based in Central Hong Kong, taking in the myriad colours, flavours, and scents of the melting pot that Hong Kong is known for.

The author invites you to visit:
http://www.ecoseed.org

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March 31, 2014

LPG Gas Suppliers: What To Look For In A Good … – ArticleCity.com

Category: Uncategorized – 12:16 am

by: Kathryn Dawson

LPG is the abbreviation of either liquid petroleum gas or liquefied petroleum gas. LPG is a mixture of gases, chiefly propane and butane. It is produced commercially from petroleum and stored under pressure to keep it in a liquid state. The boiling point of liquefied petroleum gas varies from about -44°C to 0°C (-47°F to 32°F), so that the pressure required to ‘liquefy’ it is considerable and the containers for it must be of heavy steel.

When prepared as fuel, LPG is largely propane; common uses are for powering automotive vehicles, for cooking and heating, and sometimes for lighting in rural areas. LPG is an attractive fuel for internal-combustion engines; because it burns with little air pollution and little solid residue, it does not dilute lubricants, and it has a high octane rating.

Consumers are becoming more concerned about the overall environment, as well as, cost of heating and cooling homes. Homeowners are now beginning to understand the LPG is the cleanest fossil fuel available. According to the United Nations International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC,) LPG is not a greenhouse gas and is assigned a global warming potential (GWP) factor of zero. All it boils down – LPG is both cleaner and greener than other alternative fuels.

Use of LPG instead of other fossil fuels can make a real contribution to lowering the world’s carbon footprint, helping mitigate the effects of climate change. Greenhouse Gas emissions are having a measurably negative effect on our planet and the majority of these emissions are released in the form of CO2 burning from fossil fuels. For us to make a global impact, we need to get alignment between our energy policies and our climate change policies. Each and every homeowner can also take action and contribute their part.

Although you may not be connected to a mains gas supply, you can enjoy all the benefits of LPG in your home. Bulk gas supplies can be delivered directly to your door and is ideal for many uses around your home such as domestic central heating, living flame-effect fires, real flame cooking, and leisure gas for outdoor barbecues to portable fire pits. LPG is ideal for rural homes without access to the mains gas network.

Switching to LPG from other fuels or from electricity can help reduce your carbon foot print and lower your residential operating costs. Many suppliers in UK can help you assess your needs and alternatives. With that in mind, let’s consider how you might choose a gas supplier in your area.

Whether new to gas or looking to change your existing gas supplier you should know that prices, policies, and services offered by the different suppliers will vary. As with any type of service you contract for, you should carefully check information and contractually terms before selecting your supplier. Questions you might consider asking:

• How are your charged for your gas supply?

• What is the delivery schedule?

• What is average response time to a delivery request?

• Are there cheaper tariffs offered for particular payment methods (i.e. direct debit, credit card, cash, etc.?)

• What service standards are offered by the gas supplier (i.e. repairs, help for older or disable customers?)

• What are the terms for late payment and disconnection requests?

LPG Gas Suppliers must follow specific guidelines and maintain a minimum of standards when selling and supplying gas to you. Most suppliers have signed up to a code of practice produced by the Association of Energy Suppliers (AES). Sales agents must follow the guidelines in the code. The guidelines cover all methods of selling gas, including door-to-door sales (doorstep selling) and telephone sales (distance selling).

When looking to choose a LPG Gas Supplier for your home or business in the UK, you may want to consider the size and geographic coverage they provide, the level of expertise in energy conservation they offer, and their service record with customer satisfaction. Size does matter when it comes to the ability of suppliers to service customers, especially during emergency situations.

Look for LPG suppliers who offer consultations to help you manage your home energy and consult for best ways to enjoy deeper cost savings. Suppliers should offer a top-off or top-up service which means you never need to place an order and you are assured automatic delivery of gas. You may also look to see if the supplier provides routine testing and maintenance of your tank to ensure safety in your home.

LPG Gas is a multi-purpose, modern, clean, accessible, and efficient energy source for your home and business. Look for LPG suppliers, in your area today, and help reduce your carbon footprint now.
Kathryn Dawson writes articles for Flogas, http://www.flogas.co.uk/ UK’s LPG gas suppliers providing LPG to customers across Britain. Find the nearest LPG gas supplier today, and switch to a cleaner source of energy, reducing your carbon footprint. Switching your LPG supplier is easier than you think. http://www.flogas.co.uk/

The author invites you to visit:
http://www.flogas.co.uk

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March 24, 2014

The Impact of Climate Change Part 2/3 – ArticleCity.com Video

Category: Uncategorized – 12:22 am

by: Worldwide Media

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